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Oat is a genus of Eurasian and African plants in the grass family, collectively known as the oats, they include some species which have been cultivated for thousands of years as a food source for humans and livestock. They are widespread throughout Europe, Asia and northwest Africa. The major Oat cultivating provinces of China is Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Gansu, Shanxi, Henan, Qinghai, Ningxia, Sichuan etc.
Oats are generally considered healthy due to their rich content of several essential nutrients. In a 100 gram serving, oats provide 389 calories and are an excellent source of protein , dietary fiber, several B vitamins and numerous dietary minerals, especially manganese. Oats are 66% carbohydrates, including 11% dietary fiber and 4% beta-glucans, 7% fat and 17% protein (table). The established property of their cholesterol-lowering effects has led to acceptance of oats as a healthy food.