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Liver cirrhosis is a common chronic liver disease, which can cause liver damage by one or more causes. The liver is progressive, diffuse, fibrous lesions. Diffuse degenerative necrosis of hepatocytes, followed by fibrous tissue proliferation and nodular regeneration of hepatocytes. These three changes were repeated and interlaced. As a result, the structure of hepatic lobules and blood circulation pathways were gradually reconstructed, resulting in liver deformation and cirrhosis. There were no obvious symptoms in the early stage, but a series of portal hypertension and hepatic dysfunction appeared in the late stage, until upper gastrointestinal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy and other complications died.
And prevention is a very useful tool to help us stay away from disease. Let's take a look at the things about cirrhosis today.
Preventive health care
First, avoid eating high protein diet and do not increase the production of ammonia in human intestines.
Second, try to avoid using sedative hypnotic drugs to avoid direct liver coma.
Third, eating bananas and other fruits, maintain defecate unobstructed, -2 times a day, the timely removal of ammonia in the gut remains.
Fourth, the appropriate vitamin supplements and probiotics, such as vitamin C, vitamin B2, vitamin K and Lactobacillus acidophilus, stable internal environment.
In 5, loss of appetite, or vomiting, diarrhea, timely supplement of potassium, such as drinking fresh cucumber juice, Apple Juice, to avoid the occurrence of hypokalemic alkalosis caused hepatic encephalopathy.
Sixth, unless the anemia obvious hemorrhage in patients with liver cirrhosis, otherwise generally avoid taking iron supplements and / or preparations containing minerals, because iron can aggravate the liver sclerosis effect.
Seventh, especially don't eat animal protein in large quantities. In addition to ammonia production increased, aromatic amino acid metabolites in animal protein contains more, this kind of amino acid can inhibit cerebral nerve conduction in cirrhosis induced hepatic coma.
Eighth, patients with decompensated cirrhosis are advised to eat a small amount of vegetable protein. Because less aromatic amino acids in plant protein, branched chain amino acids and branched chain amino acids was more, can block the antagonism of some toxic substances on the brain function.
Ninth, the esophageal varices, the usual food should do fine rotten, avoid eating too coarse food, non edible food such as prickly hard, spiny fish, chicken bones and nuts, to prevent scratching of varicose vein or esophageal varices, causing massive hemorrhage of upper gastrointestinal tao.
Avoid alcohol: long-term drinking can lead to alcoholic gastritis and alcoholic cirrhosis. Alcohol can also cause upper abdominal discomfort, loss of appetite and deficiency of protein and vitamin B family. In addition, alcohol has direct toxicity to hepatocytes.